How to Prune a Tree

Trees need pruning and trimming once in a while. Pruning actually helps the tree to grow healthy, strong and attractive. There are many reasons why a homeowner prunes their trees, it’s either to stimulate growth, remove damaged branches or create a distinctive shape for aesthetics purposes. Doing the task properly will improve the tree’s health. If you’re not sure how to do it by yourself, you can hire tree service Cincinnati and let them do the job for you.

Step 1: Decide What to Prune

Before you prune a tree, think about your goal. Are you doing it for height or for shade? Set your goals before you do the task because your goals will influence the result of your prune. Then, assess the tree’s shape and size and imagine what it would look like after the job. Identify where the major branches are so you can avoid cutting them off.

Once you notice some damages on your tree, remove them first. Whether the damage is caused by a storm or disease, they should be pruned so the nutrients they’re taking will be distributed to the other branches.

Next, think out the areas which are thick with branches. This is to improve air circulation and light distribution for them to grow healthy. Branches that are close together attract insects and encourage the growth of fungus.

You should also prune the branches that are threatening the power lines and locking your driveway. Include the branches that overhang your house and rub your roof too. Prune the branches that cause you annoyance.

If your goal is to improve the shape of the tree, prune the branches that make it ugly. If you want it to have a neat looking shape or rounded, prune the branches that stick out. However, remember that you should only prune as little as possible. Each cut you make to the tree compromises the protection from insect infestation and fungus.

Step 2: Prune to Minimize Damage

Like mentioned in other articles about pruning, there are techniques you should apply in order to keep the tree healthy. Pruning at the right time of the year will reduce the risk of damage. For example, it’s best to prune during late fall or early winter because sap loss is minimized. At this time of year, the wound is likely to get infected by fungus and insects.

When pruning, make a cut on the branch’s underside. The cut shouldn’t go all the way through, and should only be made on the stem collar. Next, cut off the branch several inches from the trunk. The 2nd cut should through the branch, on the outside of the first cut. Remove it.

To remove the stub, make a precise cut. The cut should be almost right against the stem collar. It will give the tree a chance to quickly heal in a very healthy way. The branch collar should remain intact so avoid cutting it off.

Finally, disinfect the pruning equipment used. It’s not really necessary but there’s a big chance that you cut through some diseased portions of the trees. The equipment should be cleaned so the next tree you’re going to prune will be away from infection.